2,400-year old tomb discovered on Cyprus

Details on a 2,400-year-old tomb of a high-status family that was excavated in Soli or Soloi (Greek: Σόλοι), Northern Cyprus, are finally being unveiled. Jewelry, weapons, human remains, figurines, and so-called symposium vessels were found at the tomb and the early analysis of these artifacts provides a glimpse into the social structure and trade practices of ancient Soloi.

The tomb complex, constructed between 400 BC and 350 BC, consists of three burial chambers, one of which was looted. The others contained the artifacts. Of these objects, one of the most impressive is a golden wreath in the shape of an ivy plant, complete with details such as berries.
These goods led the archaeologists to believe that the tomb belonged to an aristocratic family. In one of the burial chambers the remains of a man, woman, and young girl were found. There were also a woman and young girl buried in another chamber. The looted chamber did not contain any human remains. Hazar Kaba, archaeologist, said that the artifacts further suggest that there was trade between Soloi and Athens 2,400 years ago: "This tomb complex proves that Soloi was in direct contact with Athens. Soloi was supplying Athens with its timber and copper, and in return, was obtaining luxurious goods such as symposium vessels.”

The archaeologist said that the golden wreath is similar to those placed in the tombs of wealthy Macedonians. Furthermore, the 16 symposium vessels and some of the jewelry are comparable to the styles used in the contemporary Achaemenid Empire. Symposium vessels are vessels used to serve people attending a "symposium," an event where men drank, talked and enjoyed entertainment. Some of these symposium vessels also may have come from Ionia and Macedonia. This accumulation of imported high-class objects further supports the idea that the family was part of the elite class in Soloi.

Soloi was one of the most important cities in Cyprus and was first populated by Mycenaean settlers in the late Bronze Age. It was probably chosen because the site was rich in copper, water and had rich soils. Soloi was prosperous for many years and did especially well throughout the Classical, Hellenistic, Roman and Early Christian periods.

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